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Research Article

Risk Maps for the Spread of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Poultry

  • Gert Jan Boender,

    Affiliation: Animal Sciences Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Lelystad, The Netherlands

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  • Thomas J Hagenaars,

    Affiliation: Animal Sciences Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Lelystad, The Netherlands

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  • Annemarie Bouma,

    Affiliation: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Farm Animal Health, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands

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  • Gonnie Nodelijk,

    Affiliation: Animal Sciences Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Lelystad, The Netherlands

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  • Armin R. W Elbers,

    Affiliation: Animal Health Service, Deventer, The Netherlands

    ¤ Current address: Department of Virology, Central Institute for Animal Disease Control, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Lelystad, The Netherlands

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  • Mart C. M de Jong,

    Affiliation: Animal Sciences Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Lelystad, The Netherlands

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  • Michiel van Boven mail

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: michiel.vanboven@wur.nl

    Affiliation: Animal Sciences Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Lelystad, The Netherlands

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  • Published: April 20, 2007
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.0030071

About the Authors

Gert Jan Boender, Thomas J Hagenaars, Gonnie Nodelijk, Mart C. M de Jong, Michiel van Boven
Animal Sciences Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Lelystad, The Netherlands
Annemarie Bouma
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Farm Animal Health, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Armin R. W Elbers
Animal Health Service, Deventer, The Netherlands

Corresponding Author

Email: michiel.vanboven@wur.nl

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

MCMdJ, GJB, MvB, and TJH conceived the ideas underlying the analyses. AB, GN, and ARWE collected the data. GJB, TJH, and MvB analyzed the data and wrote the paper. AB, GN, ARWE, and MCMdJ commented on the text.