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Research Article

Detecting Emerging Transmissibility of Avian Influenza Virus in Human Households

  • Michiel van Boven mail,

    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: michiel.vanboven@wur.nl

    Affiliations: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands, Animal Sciences Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Lelystad, The Netherlands

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  • Marion Koopmans,

    Affiliation: Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands

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  • Mirna Du Ry van Beest Holle,

    Affiliation: Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands

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  • Adam Meijer,

    Affiliation: Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands

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  • Don Klinkenberg,

    Affiliation: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands

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  • Christl A Donnelly,

    Affiliation: Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Hans (J. A. P.) Heesterbeek

    Affiliation: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands

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  • Published: July 27, 2007
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.0030145

About the Authors

Michiel van Boven, Don Klinkenberg, Hans (J. A. P.) Heesterbeek
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Michiel van Boven
Animal Sciences Group, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Lelystad, The Netherlands
Marion Koopmans, Mirna Du Ry van Beest Holle, Adam Meijer
Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
Christl A Donnelly
Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: michiel.vanboven@wur.nl

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

MdRvBH, AM, and MK designed and carried out the epidemiological investigations. MvB performed the analyses. DK, CAD, and JAPH checked and commented on the methodology. MvB wrote the paper. All authors edited and commented on the text.