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Research Article

Nonlinear Muscles, Passive Viscoelasticity and Body Taper Conspire To Create Neuromechanical Phase Lags in Anguilliform Swimmers

  • T. McMillen mail,

    tmcmillen@fullerton.edu

    Affiliation: Department of Mathematics, California State University Fullerton, Fullerton, California, United States of America

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  • T. Williams,

    Affiliation: Basic Medical Sciences, St. George's University of London, London, United Kingdom

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  • P. Holmes

    Affiliations: Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

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  • Published: August 29, 2008
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000157

About the Authors

T. McMillen
Department of Mathematics, California State University Fullerton, Fullerton, California, United States of America
T. Williams
Basic Medical Sciences, St. George's University of London, London, United Kingdom
P. Holmes
Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America
P. Holmes
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: tmcmillen@fullerton.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TW. Performed the experiments: TW. Analyzed the data: TM TW PH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TM PH. Wrote the paper: TM.