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Research Article

Relating Neuronal Firing Patterns to Functional Differentiation of Cerebral Cortex

  • Shigeru Shinomoto equal contributor mail,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Shigeru Shinomoto, Hideaki Kim, Takeaki Shimokawa

    shinomoto@scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp

    Affiliation: Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan

    X
  • Hideaki Kim equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Shigeru Shinomoto, Hideaki Kim, Takeaki Shimokawa

    Affiliation: Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan

    X
  • Takeaki Shimokawa equal contributor,

    equal contributor Contributed equally to this work with: Shigeru Shinomoto, Hideaki Kim, Takeaki Shimokawa

    Affiliation: Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan

    X
  • Nanae Matsuno,

    Affiliation: Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan

    X
  • Shintaro Funahashi,

    Affiliation: Kokoro Research Center, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan

    X
  • Keisetsu Shima,

    Affiliation: Department of Physiology, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Japan

    X
  • Ichiro Fujita,

    Affiliation: Laboratory for Cognitive Neuroscience, Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka, Japan

    X
  • Hiroshi Tamura,

    Affiliation: Laboratory for Cognitive Neuroscience, Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka, Japan

    X
  • Taijiro Doi,

    Affiliation: Laboratory for Cognitive Neuroscience, Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka, Japan

    X
  • Kenji Kawano,

    Affiliation: Department of Integrative Brain Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan

    X
  • Naoko Inaba,

    Affiliation: Department of Integrative Brain Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan

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  • Kikuro Fukushima,

    Affiliation: Department of Physiology, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan

    X
  • Sergei Kurkin,

    Affiliation: Department of Physiology, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan

    X
  • Kiyoshi Kurata,

    Affiliation: Department of Physiology, Hirosaki University School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Japan

    X
  • Masato Taira,

    Affiliation: Division of Applied System Neuroscience, Advanced Medical Research Center, Nihon University Graduate School of Medical Science, Tokyo, Japan

    X
  • Ken-Ichiro Tsutsui,

    Affiliation: Division of Systems Neuroscience, Tohoku University Graduate School of Life Sciences, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Japan

    X
  • Hidehiko Komatsu,

    Affiliation: Division of Sensory and Cognitive Information, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Myodaiji, Okazaki, Aichi, Japan

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  • Tadashi Ogawa,

    Affiliations: Department of Integrative Brain Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, Division of Sensory and Cognitive Information, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Myodaiji, Okazaki, Aichi, Japan

    X
  • Kowa Koida,

    Affiliation: Division of Sensory and Cognitive Information, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Myodaiji, Okazaki, Aichi, Japan

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  • Jun Tanji,

    Affiliation: Tamagawa University Brain Science Institute, Machida, Tokyo, Japan

    X
  • Keisuke Toyama

    Affiliation: ATR Computational Neuroscience Laboratories, Seika-cho, Soraku-gun, Kyoto, Japan

    X
  • Published: July 10, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000433

About the Authors

Shigeru Shinomoto, Hideaki Kim, Takeaki Shimokawa, Nanae Matsuno
Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan
Shintaro Funahashi
Kokoro Research Center, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan
Keisetsu Shima
Department of Physiology, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Japan
Ichiro Fujita, Hiroshi Tamura, Taijiro Doi
Laboratory for Cognitive Neuroscience, Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka, Japan
Kenji Kawano, Naoko Inaba, Tadashi Ogawa
Department of Integrative Brain Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan
Kikuro Fukushima, Sergei Kurkin
Department of Physiology, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan
Kiyoshi Kurata
Department of Physiology, Hirosaki University School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Japan
Masato Taira
Division of Applied System Neuroscience, Advanced Medical Research Center, Nihon University Graduate School of Medical Science, Tokyo, Japan
Ken-Ichiro Tsutsui
Division of Systems Neuroscience, Tohoku University Graduate School of Life Sciences, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Japan
Hidehiko Komatsu, Tadashi Ogawa, Kowa Koida
Division of Sensory and Cognitive Information, National Institute for Physiological Sciences, Myodaiji, Okazaki, Aichi, Japan
Jun Tanji
Tamagawa University Brain Science Institute, Machida, Tokyo, Japan
Keisuke Toyama
ATR Computational Neuroscience Laboratories, Seika-cho, Soraku-gun, Kyoto, Japan

Corresponding Author

Email: shinomoto@scphys.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: S. Shinomoto K. Toyama. Performed the experiments: S. Funahashi K. Shima I. Fujita H. Tamura T. Doi K. Kawano N. Inaba K. Fukushima S. Kurkin K. Kurata M. Taira K-I. Tsutsui H. Komatsu T. Ogawa K. Koida J. Tanji. Analyzed the data: S. Shinomoto H. Kim T. Shimokawa N. Matsuno. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: H. Kim T. Shimokawa N. Matsuno. Wrote the paper: S. Shinomoto K. Toyama.