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Research Article

The Origins of Lactase Persistence in Europe

  • Yuval Itan,

    Affiliations: Research Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College London, London, United Kingdom, CoMPLEX (Centre for Mathematics & Physics in the Life Sciences and Experimental Biology), University College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Adam Powell,

    Affiliations: Research Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College London, London, United Kingdom, AHRC Centre for the Evolution of Cultural Diversity, Institute of Archaeology, University College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Mark A. Beaumont,

    Affiliation: School of Animal and Microbial Sciences, The University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, United Kingdom

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  • Joachim Burger,

    Affiliation: Johannes Gutenberg University, Institute of Anthropology, Mainz, Germany

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  • Mark G. Thomas mail

    m.thomas@ucl.ac.uk

    Affiliations: Research Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College London, London, United Kingdom, AHRC Centre for the Evolution of Cultural Diversity, Institute of Archaeology, University College London, London, United Kingdom

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  • Published: August 28, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000491

About the Authors

Yuval Itan, Adam Powell, Mark G. Thomas
Research Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College London, London, United Kingdom
Mark A. Beaumont
School of Animal and Microbial Sciences, The University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, United Kingdom
Joachim Burger
Johannes Gutenberg University, Institute of Anthropology, Mainz, Germany
Yuval Itan
CoMPLEX (Centre for Mathematics & Physics in the Life Sciences and Experimental Biology), University College London, London, United Kingdom
Adam Powell, Mark G. Thomas
AHRC Centre for the Evolution of Cultural Diversity, Institute of Archaeology, University College London, London, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: m.thomas@ucl.ac.uk

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MGT. Performed the experiments: YI AP MGT. Analyzed the data: YI AP MAB MGT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: YI AP MAB JB MGT. Wrote the paper: YI AP JB MGT.