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Perspective

Application of Biomarkers in Cancer Risk Management: Evaluation from Stochastic Clonal Evolutionary and Dynamic System Optimization Points of View

  • Xiaohong Li mail,

    xili@fhcrc.org

    Affiliation: Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

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  • Patricia L. Blount,

    Affiliations: Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

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  • Thomas L. Vaughan,

    Affiliations: Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

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  • Brian J. Reid

    Affiliations: Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Division of Human Biology, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

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  • Published: February 24, 2011
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1001087

About the Authors

Xiaohong Li, Patricia L. Blount, Thomas L. Vaughan, Brian J. Reid
Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
Patricia L. Blount, Brian J. Reid
Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
Thomas L. Vaughan
Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
Brian J. Reid
Division of Human Biology, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington, United States of America
Brian J. Reid
Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: xili@fhcrc.org

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.