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Research Article

Shaping the Dynamics of a Bidirectional Neural Interface

  • Alessandro Vato,

    Affiliation: Department of Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy

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  • Marianna Semprini,

    Affiliation: Department of Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy

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  • Emma Maggiolini,

    Affiliation: Department of Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy

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  • Francois D. Szymanski,

    Affiliation: Department of Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy

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  • Luciano Fadiga,

    Affiliations: Department of Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy, Department of Human Physiology, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy

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  • Stefano Panzeri,

    Affiliations: Center for Neuroscience and Cognitive Systems, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Rovereto, Italy, Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

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  • Ferdinando A. Mussa-Ivaldi mail

    sandro@northwestern.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Physiology, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States of America, Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

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  • Published: July 19, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002578

About the Authors

Alessandro Vato, Marianna Semprini, Emma Maggiolini, Francois D. Szymanski, Luciano Fadiga
Department of Robotics, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy
Luciano Fadiga
Department of Human Physiology, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy
Stefano Panzeri
Center for Neuroscience and Cognitive Systems, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Rovereto, Italy
Stefano Panzeri
Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Ferdinando A. Mussa-Ivaldi
Department of Physiology, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America
Ferdinando A. Mussa-Ivaldi
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States of America
Ferdinando A. Mussa-Ivaldi
Sensory Motor Performance Program, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Corresponding Author

Email: sandro@northwestern.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AV MS LF SP FAMI. Performed the experiments: AV MS EM. Analyzed the data: AV MS FDS SP FAMI. Wrote the paper: AV MS EM SP FAMI.