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Research Article

Strategy Diversity Stabilizes Mutualism through Investment Cycles, Phase Polymorphism, and Spatial Bubbles

  • Gergely Boza mail,

    boza@iiasa.ac.at

    Affiliations: Evolution and Ecology Program, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria, MTA-ELTE-MTM Ecology Research Group, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary, Parmenides Center for the Study of Thinking, Munich/Pullach, Germany

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  • Ádám Kun,

    Affiliations: Evolution and Ecology Program, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria, Parmenides Center for the Study of Thinking, Munich/Pullach, Germany, Department of Plant Systematics, Ecology, and Theoretical Biology, Institute of Biology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary

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  • István Scheuring,

    Affiliation: MTA-ELTE Research Group in Theoretical Biology and Evolutionary Ecology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary

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  • Ulf Dieckmann

    Affiliation: Evolution and Ecology Program, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria

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  • Published: November 15, 2012
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002660

About the Authors

Gergely Boza, Ádám Kun, Ulf Dieckmann
Evolution and Ecology Program, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria
Gergely Boza
MTA-ELTE-MTM Ecology Research Group, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary
Gergely Boza, Ádám Kun
Parmenides Center for the Study of Thinking, Munich/Pullach, Germany
Ádám Kun
Department of Plant Systematics, Ecology, and Theoretical Biology, Institute of Biology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary
István Scheuring
MTA-ELTE Research Group in Theoretical Biology and Evolutionary Ecology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary

Corresponding Author

Email: boza@iiasa.ac.at

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GB ÁK IS UD. Performed the experiments: GB. Analyzed the data: GB ÁK IS UD. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: GB ÁK IS UD. Wrote the paper: GB ÁK IS UD.