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Research Article

Identifying Transmission Cycles at the Human-Animal Interface: The Role of Animal Reservoirs in Maintaining Gambiense Human African Trypanosomiasis

  • Sebastian Funk mail,

    sf7@princeton.edu

    Affiliations: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Hiroshi Nishiura,

    Affiliations: School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China, PRESTO, Japan Science of Technology Agency, Kawaguchi, Saitama, Japan

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  • Hans Heesterbeek,

    Affiliation: Theoretical Epidemiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands

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  • W. John Edmunds,

    Affiliation: London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Francesco Checchi

    Affiliation: London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Published: January 17, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002855

About the Authors

Sebastian Funk
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America
Sebastian Funk, W. John Edmunds, Francesco Checchi
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
Hiroshi Nishiura
School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China
Hiroshi Nishiura
PRESTO, Japan Science of Technology Agency, Kawaguchi, Saitama, Japan
Hans Heesterbeek
Theoretical Epidemiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Corresponding Author

Email: sf7@princeton.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Developed the methods: SF HN HH. Analyzed the data: SF. Wrote the paper: SF HN HH WJE FC.