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Research Article

Collective States, Multistability and Transitional Behavior in Schooling Fish

  • Kolbjørn Tunstrøm mail,

    tunstrom@princeton.edu (KT); icouzin@princeton.edu (IDC)

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

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  • Yael Katz,

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

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  • Christos C. Ioannou,

    Affiliations: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America, School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom

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  • Cristián Huepe,

    Affiliation: Cristian Huepe Labs Inc., Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

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  • Matthew J. Lutz,

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

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  • Iain D. Couzin mail

    tunstrom@princeton.edu (KT); icouzin@princeton.edu (IDC)

    Affiliation: Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

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  • Published: February 28, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002915

About the Authors

Kolbjørn Tunstrøm, Yael Katz, Christos C. Ioannou, Matthew J. Lutz, Iain D. Couzin
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America
Christos C. Ioannou
School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
Cristián Huepe
Cristian Huepe Labs Inc., Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: YK IDC. Performed the experiments: YK CCI MJL IDC. Analyzed the data: KT YK CCI CH IDC. Wrote the paper: KT CCI CH IDC.