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Research Article

Analysis of Accuracy in Pointing with Redundant Hand-held Tools: A Geometric Approach to the Uncontrolled Manifold Method

  • Domenico Campolo mail,

    d.campolo@ntu.edu.sg

    Affiliation: School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

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  • Ferdinan Widjaja,

    Affiliation: School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

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  • Hong Xu,

    Affiliation: Division of Psychology, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

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  • Wei Tech Ang,

    Affiliation: School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

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  • Etienne Burdet

    Affiliation: Bioengineering Department, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, United Kingdom

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  • Published: April 04, 2013
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002978

About the Authors

Domenico Campolo, Ferdinan Widjaja, Wei Tech Ang
School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Hong Xu
Division of Psychology, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Etienne Burdet
Bioengineering Department, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Corresponding Author

Email: d.campolo@ntu.edu.sg

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DC WTA EB. Performed the experiments: DC FW WTA. Analyzed the data: DC FW HX EB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DC FW WTA. Wrote the paper: DC FW.