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Research Article

Population Structure Induces a Symmetry Breaking Favoring the Emergence of Cooperation

  • Jorge M. Pacheco mail,

    pacheco@cii.fc.ul.pt,

    Affiliations: Departamento de Matemática da Universidade do Minho, Campus de Gualtar, Braga, Portugal, ATP-group, CFTC, Complexo Interdisciplinar, Lisboa, Portugal, GADGET, Lisboa, Portugal

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  • Flávio L. Pinheiro,

    Affiliations: ATP-group, CFTC, Complexo Interdisciplinar, Lisboa, Portugal, GADGET, Lisboa, Portugal

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  • Francisco C. Santos

    Affiliations: MLG and IRIDIA, Computer and Decision Engineering Department, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium, CENTRIA, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Quinta da Torre, Caparica, Portugal, GADGET, Lisboa, Portugal

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  • Published: December 11, 2009
  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000596

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